For example, scriptural exegesis used to support his political ideas, and his fear of violence national and towards him and his friendsuncertainty, war, and accordingly of any doctrine or behaviour that could lead to unsettling anarchy or persecution. It was a fear of persecution that kept him from admitting to authorship of the Two Treatises, after all Seventeenth Century Britain certainly produced many provocative and extreme opinions, and indeed a few writers, including some close associates, were executed for their seditious thoughts. Locke retained a fear for his life long after the troubles had died down. The earlier Locke, a student and tutor at Oxford, was morally and politically conservative, Hobbesian one could say were such thoughts not so generally reflective of the post-bellum times in England in which strong and stable government was manifestly preferable to the apparent anarchy of the recent Civil Wars in the British Isles
British Empiricism About John Locke J ohn Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government.
He was also influential in the areas of theology, religious toleration, and educational theory. In his most important work, the Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Locke set out to offer an analysis of the human mind and its acquisition of knowledge.
He offered an empiricist theory according to which we acquire ideas through our experience of the world. The mind is then able to examine, compare, and combine these ideas in numerous different ways.
Knowledge consists of a special kind of relationship between different ideas. In addition to this broader project, the Essay contains a series of more focused discussions on important, and widely divergent, philosophical themes.
In politics, Locke is best known as a proponent of limited government. He uses a theory of natural rights to argue that governments have obligations to their citizens, have only limited powers over their citizens, and can ultimately be overthrown by citizens under certain circumstances.
He also provided powerful arguments in favor of religious toleration. His father, also named John, was a legal clerk and served with the Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War.
His family was well-to-do, but not of particularly high social or economic standing. Locke spent his childhood in the West Country and as a teenager was sent to Westminster School in London. Locke was successful at Westminster and earned a place at Christ Church, Oxford. He was to remain in Oxford from until Although he had little appreciation for the traditional scholastic philosophy he learned there, Locke was successful as a student and after completing his undergraduate degree he held a series of administrative and academic posts in the college.
One of his earliest substantive works, the Essays on the Law of Nature, was developed in the course of his teaching duties. Locke read widely in these fields, participated in various experiments, and became acquainted with Robert Boyle and many other notable natural philosophers. He also undertook the normal course of education and training to become a physician.
In London, Locke continued to pursue his interests in medicine and natural philosophy. He formed a close working relationship with Thomas Sydenham, who later became one the most famous physicians of the age.
He made a number of contacts within the newly formed Royal Society and became a member in He also acted as the personal physician to Lord Ashley. Indeed, on one occasion Locke participated in a very delicate surgical operation which Ashley credited with saving his life. Ashley was one of the most prominent English politicians at the time.
Through his patronage Locke was able to hold a series of governmental posts.
The two earliest drafts of that work date from He was to continue work on this project intermittentlyfor nearly twenty years.
Locke travelled in France for several years starting in When he returned to England it was only to be for a few years. The political scene had changed greatly while Locke was away. It was around this time that Locke composed his most famous political work, the Two Treatises Concerning Government.
Although the Two Treatises would not be published until they show that he had already solidified his views on the nature and proper form of government.
While there Locke travelled a great deal sometimes for his own safety and worked on two projects.
First, he continued work on the Essay. Second, he wrote a work entitled Epistola de Tolerantia, which was published anonymously in Following the Glorious Revolution of Locke was able to return to England.
He published both the Essay and the Two Treatises the second anonymously shortly after his return. He initially stayed in London but soon moved to the home of Francis and Damaris Masham in the small village of Oates, Essex.
Damaris Masham, who was the daughter of a notable philosopher named Ralph Cudworth, had become acquainted with Locke several years before. During this period Locke kept busy working on politics, toleration, philosophy, economics, and educational theory.
Locke engaged in a number of controversies during his life, including a notable one with Jonas Proast over toleration. Stillingfleet, in addition to being a powerful political and theological figure, was an astute and forceful critic. The two men debated a number of the positions in the Essay in a series of published letters.According to Dr.
Ferguson's class discussion, how many persons were in the jury that were a part of Socrates' trial? Augustine was a Metaphysical Dualist - using philosophical categories he asserted that reality was made up of two fundamental "substances".
An Analysis of the Views of John Locke in the Dialectic Discussion ( words, 2 pages) Explain The Views Of LockeINTRODUCTIONThe life-blood of philosophy is argument and counter-argument. Plato and Aristotle thought of this as what they called dialectic discussion.D.
W. HamlynJOHN LOCKE ()Locke was the first of the British empiricists. Peter R. Anstey, John Locke and Natural Philosophy, Oxford University Press, , pp., $ (hbk), ISBN Reviewed by Jan-Erik Jones, Southern Virginia University Peter Anstey's John Locke and Natural Philosophy is a masterful and well .
The Dialectic of John Locke’s Constitution Then and Now; or, The Turn from Enlightenment to Post-Enlightenment Culture The Turn from Enlightenment to Post-Enlightenment Culture. Robert Wess. Presented at the Triennial Conference of the Kenneth Burke Society it will help to add a pentadic level to our analysis.
The dialectic of. 1. Life and Works. John Locke was born in in Wrington, a small village in southwestern England. His father, also named John, was a legal clerk and served with the Parliamentary forces in . If we take John Locke’s view – which was typical of many Protestant thinkers at the time (and indeed for the next hundred years) Catholics would be barred from enfranchisement – prohibited from attending political meetings or taking part in the political process; but if, on the other hand, we take the Lockean theory of the state and.