DrugWise infographic on drug dangers PDF Some people think everyone who takes drugs will end up dead. Others seem to think that drug use is not dangerous at all.
Medically reviewed on May 18, by L. Common or street names: Heroin diacetylmorphine is derived from the morphine alkaloid found in opium and is roughly times more potent. A highly addictive drug, heroin exhibits euphoric "rush"anxiolytic and analgesic central nervous system properties.
Heroin is classified as a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act of and as such has no acceptable medical use in the United States. Pure heroin is a white powder with a bitter taste.
Most illicit heroin is sold as a white or brownish powder and is usually "cut" with other drugs or with substances such as sugar, starch, powdered milk, or quinine. It can also be cut with strychnine or other poisons. Because heroin abusers do not know the actual strength of the drug or its true contents, they are at risk of overdose or death.
Another form of heroin known as "black tar" may be sticky, like roofing tar, or hard, like coal. Its color may vary from dark brown to black. Methods of Heroin Use Heroin is most often injected, however, it may also be vaporized "smoked"sniffed "snorted"used as a suppository, or orally ingested.
Smoking and sniffing heroin do not produce a "rush" as quickly or as intensely as intravenous injection. Oral ingestion does not usually lead to a "rush", but use of heroin in suppository form may have intense euphoric effects. Heroin can be addictive by any given route. Side Effects of Heroin Use Heroin is metabolized to morphine and other metabolites which bind to opioid receptors in the brain.
The short-term effects of heroin abuse appear soon after a single dose and disappear in a few hours. After an injection of heroin, the user reports feeling a surge of euphoria the "rush" accompanied by a warm flushing of the skin, a dry mouth, and heavy extremities.
Following this initial euphoria, the user experiences an alternately wakeful and drowsy state. Mental functioning becomes clouded due to the depression of the central nervous system. Other effects that heroin may have on users include respiratory depression, constricted "pinpoint" pupils and nausea.
Effects of heroin overdose may also include slow and shallow breathing, hypotensionmuscle spasms, convulsionscoma, and possible death. Other medical complications that may arise due to heroin use include collapsed veins, abscesses, spontaneous abortionand endocarditis inflammation of the heart lining and valves.
Heroin addiction can remove an otherwise healthy and contributing member from society, and may lead to severe disability and eventually death. Other Health Hazards of Heroin With regular heroin use, tolerance develops where the abuser must use more heroin to achieve the same intensity or effect.
As higher doses are used over time, physical dependence and addiction develop. With physical dependence, the body has adapted to the presence of the drug and withdrawal symptoms may occur if use is reduced or stopped.
Withdrawal, which in regular abusers may occur as early as a few hours after the last administration, produces drug craving, restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea and vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumps "cold turkey"kicking movements and other symptoms. Major withdrawal symptoms peak between 48 and 72 hours after the last dose and subside after about a week.
Sudden withdrawal by heavily dependent users who are in poor health is occasionally fatal, although heroin withdrawal is considered much less dangerous than alcohol or barbiturate withdrawal. Treatment Options for Heroin Addiction or Overdose Several medical treatment options exist for heroin addiction.
These treatments can be effective when combined with a medication compliance program and behavioral therapy. Methadone DolophineMethadosebuprenorphine Subutexbrand discontinued in U. Sbuprenorphine combined with naloxone Suboxone and naltrexone DepadeReVia are approved in the US to treat opioid dependence.
These treatments work by binding fully or partially to opiate receptors in the brain and work as agonists, antagonists or a combination of the two. Agonists mimic the action of the opiate, and antagonists block and reverse the action of the opiate.
Oral administration of these drugs may allow for a more gradual withdrawal from opiates. A long-acting intramuscular depot formulation of naltrexone Vivitrol is also available for use following opiate detoxification.
Methadone has been used for over a quarter century to treat heroin addiction.Study finds mushrooms are the safest recreational drug the most dangerous controlled substances.
“Drug laws need to balance the positives and problems they can create in society and well. This drug is indeed a very dangerous drug which is known all around the world as the slow killer. This drug influences a number of neurotransmitters at the same time and is extremely dangerous to.
This drug is indeed a very dangerous drug which is known all around the world as the slow killer. This drug influences a number of neurotransmitters at the same time and is extremely dangerous to. Drug is dangerous to the society Drug abuse is a matter of concern because at this time many teens and youth succumbed to drugs.
Once they are falling very difficult to stop from it. What is the most dangerous drug in the world? This sounds like a relatively simple question: Surely it’s the one most likely to kill you, right? As it turns out, it depends on a multitude of. Heroin is a highly addictive drug that produces a surge of euphoria (rush) accompanied by a warm flushing of the skin and a dry mouth.
Includes Heroin side effects, interactions and indications.