Its major export partner is Switzerland. Export Commodities Its main exports are gold, cotton, and livestock. Import Commodities Its major imports include capital goods, foodstuffs, and petroleum.
Prehistory[ edit ] The northwestern part of today's Burkina Faso was populated by hunter-gatherers between 14, and 5, BC. Their tools, including scraperschisels and arrowheadswere discovered in through archaeological excavations.
The cavalry of the Mossi Kingdoms were experts at raiding deep into enemy territory, even against the formidable Mali Empire. During the Middle Ages the Mossi established several separate kingdoms including those of Tenkodogo, Yatenga, Zandoma, and Ouagadougou. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message Starting in the early s a series of BritishFrench and German military officers made attempts to claim parts of what is today Burkina Faso. At times these colonialists and their armies fought the local peoples; at times they forged alliances with them and made treaties.
The colonialist officers and their home governments also made treaties amongst themselves.
Through a complex series of events what is Burkina Faso eventually became a French protectorate in Bythe majority of the territory corresponding to Burkina Faso was nominally conquered; however, French control of many parts remained uncertain.
In the French territory, a war of conquest against local communities and political powers continued for about five years. Inthe largely pacified territories of the Volta basin were integrated into the Upper Senegal and Niger colony of French West Africa as part of the reorganization of the French West African colonial empire.
The colony had its capital in Bamako. The language of colonial administration and schooling became French. The public education system started from humble origins. Advanced education was provided for many years during the colonial period in Dakar. Draftees from the territory participated in the European fronts of World War I in the battalions of the Senegalese Rifles.
Between andthe districts in the western part of what is now Burkina Faso and the bordering eastern fringe of Mali became the stage of one of the most important armed oppositions to colonial government: It also had to organize its largest expeditionary force of its colonial history to send into the country to suppress the insurrection.
Armed opposition wracked the Sahelian north when the Tuareg and allied groups of the Dori region ended their truce with the government. The French feared a recurrence of armed uprising and had related economic considerations. To bolster its administration, the colonial government separated the present territory of Burkina Faso from Upper Senegal and Niger.
Hesling initiated an ambitious road-making program to improve infrastructure and promoted the growth of cotton for export. The cotton policy — based on coercion — failed, and revenue generated by the colony stagnated.
Ivory Coast received the largest share, which contained most of the population as well as the cities of Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso.
France reversed this change during the period of intense anti-colonial agitation that followed the end of World War II. The French designated its colonies as departments of metropolitan France on the European continent. This act was followed by reorganization measures approved by the French parliament early in to ensure a large degree of self-government for individual territories.
Full independence from France was received in The name Upper Volta related to the nation's location along the upper reaches of the Volta River. The river's three tributaries are called the BlackWhite and Red Volta. These were expressed in the three colors of the former national flag.
The constitution provided for election by universal suffrage of a president and a national assembly for five-year terms.
The government lasted until After much unrest, including mass demonstrations and strikes by students, labor unions, and civil servants, the military intervened.
The army remained in power for four years. On 14 Junethe Voltans ratified a new constitution that established a four-year transition period toward complete civilian rule.
Lamizana remained in power throughout the s as president of military or mixed civil-military governments.
Lamizana's rule coincided with the beginning of the Sahel drought and famine which had a devastating impact on Upper Volta and neighboring countries. After conflict over the constitution, a new constitution was written and approved in Lamizana was re-elected by open elections in Saye Zerbo overthrew President Lamizana in a bloodless coup.Burkina Faso: Geographical and Among the partially or wholly state-owned commercial banks, the most important is the Banque Internationale du Burkina in Ouagadougou.
Burkina Faso is also a member of the Economic Community of West African States physical geography. In Burkina Faso: Land; population. In Burkina Faso: People; religion. Demographics of Burkina Faso As of 1 January , the population of Burkina Faso was estimated to be 19,, people. This is an increase of % (, people) compared to population of 18,, the year before.
Burkina Faso was originally inhabited by the Bobo, Lobi, and Gurunsi peoples, with the Mossi and Gurma peoples immigrating to the region in the 14th century. The lands of the Mossi empire became a French protectorate in , and by France had subjugated the other ethnic groups.
Burkina Faso Home to three universities which belies a relatively low overall literacy rate, Ouagadougou is the capital city of Burkina Faso–a landlocked country in West Africa. Ouagadougou was the site of Islamist attacks on January 15, in which 30 people were killed and at least 56 others were injured.
Burkina Faso's rapidly growing population (around % annually) continues to put a strain on the country's resources and infrastructure, which can further limit accessibility to alphabetnyc.comment: Unitary semi-presidential republic.
Burkina Faso, landlocked country in western Africa. The country occupies an extensive plateau, and its geography is characterized by a savanna that is grassy in the north and gradually gives way to sparse forests in the south.