New england 1690s fears anxieties about academic writing

Nothing new or special there. It happens regularly, I suspect, to all of us. The day shuts off, but our brain stays turned on.

New england 1690s fears anxieties about academic writing

Monogamy Monogamy is a form of marriage in which an individual has only one spouse during their lifetime or at any one time serial monogamy.

Anthropologist Jack Goody 's comparative study of marriage around the world utilizing the Ethnographic Atlas found a strong correlation between intensive plough agriculture, dowry and monogamy.

This pattern was found in a broad swath of Eurasian societies from Japan to Ireland. The majority of Sub-Saharan African societies that practice extensive hoe agriculture, in contrast, show a correlation between " bride price " and polygamy. In all cases, the second marriage is considered legally null and void.

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Besides the second and subsequent marriages being void, the bigamist is also liable to other penalties, which also vary between jurisdictions.

Serial monogamy Governments that support monogamy may allow easy divorce. Those who remarry do so on average three times. Divorce and remarriage can thus result in "serial monogamy", i.

This can be interpreted as a form of plural mating, as are those societies dominated by female-headed families in the CaribbeanMauritius and Brazil where there is frequent rotation of unmarried partners.

The "ex-wife", for example, remains an active part of her "ex-husband's" or "ex-wife's" life, as they may be tied together by transfers of resources alimony, child supportor shared child custody. Bob Simpson notes that in the British case, serial monogamy creates an "extended family" — a number of households tied together in this way, including mobile children possible exes may include an ex-wife, an ex-brother-in-law, etc.

These "unclear families" do not fit the mould of the monogamous nuclear family. As a series of connected households, they come to resemble the polygynous model of separate households maintained by mothers with children, tied by a male to whom they are married or divorced.

Polygamy Polygamy is a marriage which includes more than two partners. The suffix "-gamy" refers specifically to the number of spouses, as in bi-gamy two spouses, generally illegal in most nationsand poly-gamy more than one spouse.

Societies show variable acceptance of polygamy as a cultural ideal and practice. According to the Ethnographic Atlasof 1, societies noted, were monogamous; had occasional polygyny; had more frequent polygyny; and 4 had polyandry.

The actual practice of polygamy in a tolerant society may actually be low, with the majority of aspirant polygamists practicing monogamous marriage. Tracking the occurrence of polygamy is further complicated in jurisdictions where it has been banned, but continues to be practiced de facto polygamy.

The vast majority of the world's countries, including virtually all of the world's developed nations, do not permit polygamy. There have been calls for the abolition of polygamy in developing countries. Concubinage Polygyny usually grants wives equal status, although the husband may have personal preferences.

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One type of de facto polygyny is concubinagewhere only one woman gets a wife's rights and status, while other women remain legal house mistresses. Although a society may be classified as polygynous, not all marriages in it necessarily are; monogamous marriages may in fact predominate.

It is to this flexibility that Anthropologist Robin Fox attributes its success as a social support system: To correct this condition, females had to be killed at birth, remain single, become prostitutes, or be siphoned off into celibate religious orders.

Polygynous systems have the advantage that they can promise, as did the Mormons, a home and family for every woman. In some cases, there is a large age discrepancy as much as a generation between a man and his youngest wife, compounding the power differential between the two.

Psychology of Mass Hysteria: New England in the 's by Riana Rush on Prezi

Tensions not only exist between genders, but also within genders; senior and junior men compete for wives, and senior and junior wives in the same household may experience radically different life conditions, and internal hierarchy.

Several studies have suggested that the wive's relationship with other women, including co-wives and husband's female kin, are more critical relationships than that with her husband for her productive, reproductive and personal achievement.

Often, however, it is difficult to draw a hard and fast line between the two. Although it does not involve multiple now illegal formal marriages, the domestic and personal arrangements follow old polygynous patterns.

new england 1690s fears anxieties about academic writing

The de facto form of polygyny is found in other parts of the world as well including some Mormon sects and Muslim families in the United States. This is not a lesbian relationship, but a means of legitimately expanding a royal lineage by attaching these wives' children to it.

The relationships are considered polygynous, not polyandrous, because the female husband is in fact assuming masculine gendered political roles.I couldn't sleep, so I listened to an NPR interview with Roz Chast about her new book, What I Hate from A to Z. I've decided to make my own list of fears and anxieties in alphabetical order.

The period of witch trials in Early Modern Europe were a widespread moral panic suggesting that malevolent Satanic witches were operating as an organized threat to Christendom during the 16th to 18th centuries.

Those accused of witchcraft were portrayed as being worshippers of the Devil, who engaged in such acts as malevolent sorcery at meetings known as Witches' Sabbaths. In the s Winifred King Benham and her daughter Winifred were thrice tried for witchcraft in Wallingford, Connecticut, the last of such trials in New England.

While found innocent, they were compelled to leave Wallingford to settle in Staten Island, New York. [59]. Psychology of Mass Hysteria: New England in the 's Fears and Anxieties of the Puritans One of the main fears of the Puritans was an attack from the Native Americans living in the area.

The mainstream Christians were comfortable in Protestant England while the Puritans were persecuted because they questioned the authority of the established Church of England.

So the Puritans left to seek a new life in America — to create a new society based on religion. Fears and Anxieties In New England, the Puritans feared witchcraft.

If they believed you to be a witch, they thought you sold yourself to the devil.

The Legacy of Puritanism, Divining America, TeacherServe®, National Humanities Center