Archdiocese of Utrecht — Four disputes set the stage for an independent Bishopric of Utrecht:
After Augustus, emperor worship was also incorporated into the Roman religion. The Romans were regarded as practical people. There were more consumed with building, organizing and enjoying themselves and did not seem to concern themselves too much with spiritual and religious matters.
In general, the Romans took a more light hearted view of spiritual matters and the god they worshiped reflected this. For Romans religion was more of a duty than it was for the Greeks. Cults, superstition, rituals, festivals and sacrifices appealed to them more than devotion and morality.
The priesthood was often more interested in politics than spirituality. The Senate and Emperor were religious figures. And thus toleration produced not only mutual indulgence, but even religious concord. Polytheists have traditionally been looked down upon by practitioners of the great monotheistic religion which worship only a single godJudaism, Christianity, Islamas primitive and barbaric pagans.
But who knows maybe they had it right. Their religion made the ancient Greeks aware of their ignorance and weakness, letting them recognize multiple points of view. It suggests that collective decisions often lead to better outcomes. Respect for a diversity of viewpoints informs the cooperative system the Athenians called democracy.
The world, as the Greek philosopher Thales wrote, is full of gods, and all deserve respect and honor.
If the Greeks were in close contact with a particular nation they gave their foreign gods names of their own gods: Sometimes the transition from Greek to Roman god was simply a matter of changing the name.
Other times they went through a more complex metamorphosis. Some gods were highly regarded in some city-states and ignored in others. And some evolved from spirits. Janus was originally a spirit of the door that represented looking both ways and Venus was originally a sexless garden spirit that was united with Aphrodite to form the great goddess of love.
Mars was the first great Roman god. Each family had its own god, Lar, who protected the house and food supply. These gods tended to be worshiped at home not in temples. Some groups and professions had their own gods and spirits.
Sylvanus, for example, was a spirit that helped plowmen and woodcutters. Household gods were important. Many houses had a larariuma household shrine dedicated the worship of Lares and Penates, household spirits Gods unique to Roman mythology included: Those stationed in remote provinces often worshiped local gods.
In England, for example, there were temples dictated to Sulis Minerva, a deity that was a composite of the a Celtic goddess and Minerva, the Roman goddess of wisdom. In Asia minor there were Roman temples built in honor of Diana, the Babylonian goddess of hunting.
One of the most opulent temples in Pompeii was dictated to Isis, the Egyptian goddess of fertility. Local deities found in individual Middle Eastern nations became international during the first three centuries of the Roman empire.
The cults practiced secret ceremonies and promised their followers afterlife, symbolized by the death and rebirth of their god. Mithras cults performed ritual bull killings in which the participants washed themselves in the animal's blood.
Mithras was a favorite among Roman soldiers and almost every army outpost had a shrine dedicated to the Persian God. Many Roman myths are based on Greek myths.
According to legend they were the sons of Mars and a sleeping beauty. The were suckled by a she wolf and grew up to found Rome.
Romulus and the Sabine leader Titus Tatius fought a war that triggered the infamous rape of the Sabine women by the followers of Romulus.
Starting with Augustus 27 B. The Roman emperors seemed to believe in their divinity and they demanded that their subjects worship them. Marcellus was honored with a festival.
Flaminius was made a priest for three hundred years. Ephesus had a shrine for Serilius Isauricus.The Old Roman Religion [Samuel Dill] on alphabetnyc.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original.
Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks. Religion played a very important role in the daily life of Ancient Rome and the Romans.
Roman religion was centred around gods and explanations for events usually involved the gods in some way or another. Pages in category "Ancient Roman religion" The following pages are in this category, out of total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
Conclusion: The Staying Power Of Ancient Greek And Roman Religion I wanted to cover the worldview of more ancient Greek and Roman religion before I moved to Greek and Roman philosophy, along with the deities of Olympus and the Greek polis.
For Romans, religion was a force that bound families together, bound subjects to their ruler and bound men to the gods. Private and public Roman religion was divided into two. Online shopping from a great selection at Books Store.