In antiquity, the Great Pyramid of Giza the only wonder from the original list still standingthe statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Colossus of Rhodes a new gigantic, version of which is being built todayand others were among the occupants of the list.
Europe's fierce hostility to capital punishment. The phenomenon started nine years ago when the EU banned the export of products used for execution, citing its goal to be the "leading institutional actor and largest donor to the fight against the death penalty.
In Ohio last month, Dennis McGuire took 26 minutes to die after a previously untested mix of chemicals began flowing into his body, gasping repeatedly as he lay on a gurney.
Death row inmate Michael Taylor's had argued in a lawsuit that recent executions involving the drug pentobarbital would likely cause "inhumane pain" - and, ahead of a hearing set for Tuesday, The Apothecary Shoppe said it would not provide the drug.
AP EU nations are notorious for disagreeing on just about everything when it comes to common policy, but they all strongly - and proudly - agree on one thing: Europe saw totalitarian regimes abuse the death penalty as recently as the 20th century, and public opinion across the bloc is therefore staunchly opposed to it.
The EU's uncompromising stance has set off a cat-and-mouse game, with U. Europe's tough stance has caused U. In an upcoming execution in Louisiana, the state is set to follow Ohio's example in using the untested drug cocktail used in McGuire's execution. It changed its execution protocol last week to use Ohio's two-drug combination because it could no longer procure pentobarbitala powerful sedative.
The execution was scheduled for February, but was stayed pending a federal judge's examination in April regarding whether the state can proceed with the plan to execute Christopher Sepulvado, convicted in the killing of his 6-year-old stepson.
InLouisiana switched from the established three-drug protocol to a one-drug pentobarbital lethal injection, but eventually that drug also became unavailable because of European pressure.
No doctor would ever do that. Even if the effect of the two drugs used by Ohio "presents some inherent risk of discomfort, that does not amount to cruel and unusual punishment," Christopher Conomy, an assistant Ohio attorney general, argued in court documents last month.
The drug shortage then started biting in when Hospira Inc.
A few months later, Hospira dropped plans to produce it in Italy because the government there asked for guarantees that it would never be used in executions.
States in switched to pentobarbital, but Denmark-based Lundbeck Inc. Fearing for their reputation, the companies never wanted to see their drugs used in executions. Germany's government also urged pharmaceutical companies to stop exports, and the country's three firms selling sodium thiopental promised not to sell to U.
The EU then updated its export regulation in late to ban the sale of eight drugs - including pentobarbital and sodium thiopental - if the purpose is to use them in lethal injections. That produced a flurry of action in the United States.
In May Missouri announced it would switch to using the anesthetic propofol, infamous for its role in Michael Jackson's overdose death. But propofol, too, was manufactured in Europe, by Germany's Fresenius Kabi. Missouri's plan prompted an outcry across Europe and the EU threatened to restrict propofol exports.
That in turn provoked a medical outcry in the U. Fresenius Kabi, whose slogan is "caring for life," swiftly moved amid a blitz of bad PR and EU threats to introduce a stringent distribution control to prevent sales to U.
Another manufacturer, Germany's B. Braun, immediately followed suit. In October Missouri Governor Jay Nixon expressed indignation, saying state and federal court systems, not European politicians, should decide death penalty policy. Still, a month later he backtracked and halted what was to have been the first U.
Missouri and other states have since also resorted to custom-made batches of drugs, while refusing to divulge which pharmacy produced them - as in the case being heard Tuesday. The secrecy has led to new lawsuits, not least after safety concerns over such drugs arose in after contaminated injections from a Massachusetts facility caused a meningitis outbreak that killed 64 people and sickened hundreds.
An attorney for McGuire's family supported the European position. In principle, there are a number of painkillers, sedatives and paralyzing agents that can kill if administered in high doses.
But switching drugs will invite new lawsuits and could involve drawn-out bureaucratic or legislative delays - in addition to doubts about how quickly and mercifully these drugs can kill.
When Europeans criticize the U. Europe has seen autocratic or totalitarian regimes corrupting justice throughout the 20th century with people being executed for political reasons or without fair trial, resulting in strong opposition to the death penalty after World War II.
Western Germany forbade capital punishment after the war, just as Italy did. France, which gave the world the word guillotine, decapitated only a few people after WW II amid increasing public opposition.
France's last execution now dates back almost 40 years. In Eastern Europe, the death penalty was abolished after the collapse of the Soviet Union.unions have campaigned against the death penalty. The argument against the death penalty is that even though it's a punishment for a murder, it won't hurt to punish the murderer with a less harsh sentence.
A death penalty would have been justifiable if it were able to prevent future crimes. However this has not been the case so far.
There is no question that the up front costs of the death penalty are significantly higher than for equivalent LWOP cases. There also appears to be no question that, over time, equivalent LWOP cases are much more expensive - from $ to $ million - than death penalty cases.
Therefore, the response against torture would really no different than the response against capital punishment. Besides the debate over the morality of the death penalty there are questions concerning whether the death penalty is applied unfairly to blacks and the poor. Conclusion.
The essay conclusion is necessary to reiterate the thesis statement and it enables the reader to remember and recall the highlighted points by means of a review. It is not intended to plainly regurgitate the thesis statement; rather, it strengthens the argument made in light of the evidence provided in the body.
Perhaps the most striking facet about Jew-hatred is its irrationality. The are as many reasons for hating Jews as there are people. Everything that upsets, hurts, . As this argumentative essay in favor of capital punishment will explore, capital punishment is absolutely necessary because it deters instances of murder and because it offers the only just punishment for a crime that is without parallel.